Public Domain: Marxists Internet Archive (2007). This reorientation was given to the party by Lenin in his famous theses of April. However, when the revolutionary forces are tiny and the level of struggle is low, it will most likely be students and ex-students who have the freedom, the time and the inclination to put effort into politics. 3. The real difference was between Stalin and the other three in that Stalin created a totalitarian state of … 31 and 32 (Russian edition). Secondly because of the mistake of the Petrograd Soviet in fixing and publicly announcing the day for the insurrection (October 25th), which could only be made good by the insurrection actually taking place before the day legally fixed. The new Trotskyism proceeds more cautiously. The period of the revolutionary mobilisation of the masses (May-August). He came to us “to talk things over,” and said immediately after the first words: “Well, if it comes to that, as far as I am concerned, dissolve the Constituent Assembly by force.”, “Bravo,” cried Lenin, full of joy, “what is right, must remain right. This was an entirely mistaken policy; for it produced pacifist illusions, supplied water to the mills of social patriotism and rendered the revolutionary education of the masses difficult. Heated debates took place. It “simply” affirms that the October revolution has fully confirmed the idea of the permanent revolution. Follow. Lenin vs Stalin: Their Showdown Over the Birth of the USSR Even after suffering a stroke, Lenin fought Stalin from the isolation of his bed. The impression resulting is, that Lenin was the most bloodthirsty of all the bloodthirsty Bolsheviki. 2. If one listens to Comrade Trotsky, one is tempted to think that the Bolshevist Party during the whole period of October only did just what turned up, that it was devoured by internal dissensions, and that it hindered Lenin in every possible way and that, had it not been for Comrade Trotsky, no one knows how the revolution might have ended. was in this question absolutely unanimous and condemned the attempt of a group of comrades to arrest the “Provisional Government” at the moment when the Bolsheviki were in the minority both in the Soviets and in the army. But will your people agree to it.”, “Some of us are vacillating, but I believe that in the long run they will agree,” answered Natanson. The CPSU denounced Trotskyism as a petty-bourgeois deviation within the Party and defeated it both ideologically and organizationally. Anonymous. Secondly, how can it be explained in this case that Lenin thought it necessary two days after his return from abroad to draw a line of separation between himself and Trotsky? It is explained by the fact that these comrades were old Bolsheviki who stood on the general foundation of Bolshevism. Marxism and Leninism are two kinds of political thought that show some difference between them when it comes to their ideologies. Perhaps it will not be superfluous to quote a few examples. It seems, therefore, perfectly clear that the C.C. Surely not to magnify the Party leader, V. I. Lenin? These rumours are supported in an increased degree by the latest literary enterprise of Comrade Trotsky. We have, as a matter of fact, done so until recently, for instance, by paying no attention to the mistakes of John Reed and not troubling to correct them. It is hardly necessary to prove that all these and similar “Arabian Nights” do not correspond to the facts, that nothing of the sort happened or could have happened at the meeting of the C.C. Trotskyism was to become the primary theoretical target of Stalinism See also the reports at the conference of the whole of Petrograd and at the Imperial Conference of the R.C.P. He supported founding a vanguard party of the proletariat, proletarian internationalism and a dictatorship of the proletariat based on working class self-emancipation and mass democracy. Many assumed that Trotsky would become the leader of the Communist Party after Lenin's death in 1924, but this wasn't to be. What is the sense, the purpose, the aim of these attacks, at present when the Party does not wish to discuss, when the Party is overburdened with a large amount of urgent tasks, at present when the Party needs united work for the restoration of its internal economy and not a new quarrel about old questions? thus finds that the insurrection has unavoidably and completely matured, and, therefore, calls upon all organisations of the Party to act accordingly and to judge and solve all practical questions (concerning the Soviet Congress of the Northern territory, the removal of troops from Petrograd, the coming into action of those from Moscow, Minsk, etc. It is quite possible that some of the Bolsheviki actually pulled long faces in connection with the July defeat. Trotsky self-identified as an orthodox Marxist and Bolshevik–Leninist. Re: Trotskyism vs. Leninism « Reply #1 on: September 17, 2017, 11:42:17 pm » Lenin was concentrated on seizing and holding power, even in one country (so - not according to initial theory of "world proletarian revolution"), he was a brilliant, though absolutely cynical, tactitian after all. Trotsky is wrong; documents exist, such as the central organ of the Party at that time, which upset Comrade Trotsky’s statements. and Trotskyism is literally a matter of life and death for the revolutionary movement and must be given the closest attention by militants who are seeking the road to Marxism. Join Yahoo Answers and get 100 points today. Logged: smoltchanov Concerned Citizen Posts: 6,617. Small groups which emphasise building among students are dismissed with a sneer. Communism vs Leninism. There is only one lesson: the long co-operation of the Leninists with Comrade Trotsky was only possible through his completely renouncing his old burden, through his completely identifying himself with Leninism. Comrade Trotsky proposed to stop the attack on the line of Bjalaja river (before Ufa), to leave the Urals in Koltchak’s hands, to remove part of our troops, from the Eastern front and to throw them on to the Southern front. Meeting of the C.C. For all that, Trotskyism continued its counter-revolutionary struggle against revolutionary Leninism, albeit without overtly and specifically naming Lenin as its target. It is only necessary to look through these two groups of letters to convince oneself of this fact. We need no reprisals now, but a developed battle of ideas against the resurrection of Trotskyism. 3. Lenin and Trotsky created a government structure that Marx had never outlined, they just created it from necessity. Please credit “Marxists Internet Archive” as your source. Comrade Trotsky communicates facts with regard to the famous meeting of October 10th, and maintains that at this meeting “a resolution was passed to the effect that the insurrection should take place not later than October 15th.” (Trotsky “On Lenin,” p. 72, Russian edition). The fact is that Lenin regarded the insurrection as an art and must have known that the enemy who (thanks to the lack of caution of the Petrograd Soviet) was informed as to the day of the insurrection, would undoubtedly make every effort to prepare for this day, that it was, therefore, necessary to steal a march on the enemy, i.e., to begin with the insurrection necessarily before the day formally fixed. Denikin approaches Orel. The double rule was unbearable for both sides. 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One of the two main branches of Leninism; developed upon by Leon Trotsky, co-leader of the Russian Revolution and founder of the Red Army. Lenin and Trotsky created a government structure that Marx had never outlined, they just created it from necessity. Comrade Trotsky declares that all this is necessary for the “study” of October. What was, so to speak, the object of the Preliminary Parliament? Lenin vs "Leninism" #Left Debates #Leninism and Party Building #Reformism #Russian Revolution #Stalinism #Trotskyism. Lenin subsequently admitted that the line taken by the Sixth Party Session had been the right one. 44 [Name Index], p. 607) WHO ARE TROTSKYITES? As a noun socialism is any of various economic and political philosophies that support social equality, collective decision-making, distribution of income based on contribution and public ownership of productive capital and natural resources, as advocated by socialists. Report. Re Denikin. Stalinism : Most Marxists state that Stalinism is not a form of Marxism and has little to do with communism. [At the Plenary Meeting of the Communist Section of the Central Trade Union Council on November 19th, 1924.]. The resolution of the conference between the C. C. and the responsible functionaries on October 16th is as follows: “This assembly welcomes and warmly supports the resolution of the C.C. But alas, Comrade Trotsky did not display such courage and such revolutionary steadfastness at this difficult moment. declined Comrade Trotsky’s plan. The Soviet congress only took over the power from the hands of the Petrograd Soviets. Trotskyism consists of positions similar to Leninism, but differs with it in one key area: the mass basis of the proletarian state. The question for discussion is the insurrection from the purely practical point of view of organisation. This chiefly explains the passion with which Lenin in his letters upbraids those who regard the date, October 25th as a fetish. A party leader, especially when he is in an illegal position cannot act otherwise, for he must see further than his companions and it is his duty to warn against every possible mistake, even “trifles.” But to draw a conclusion as to “tragic” differences of opinion from these letters of Lenin (and there are plenty of such letters) and to blazon it forth, shows a lack of understanding of Lenin’s letters, a lack of knowledge of Lenin. ;) Share this post. A living and powerful Party, at the head of the revolutionary masses, who storm and overthrow the bourgeois power, this is the condition of our Party at that period. His most notable enemy was another close associate of Lenin -- Josef … We could quote a heap of documents which prove that Lenin proposed the seizure of power by the Soviets, by those of Petrograd or Moscow, and not behind the back of the Soviets. and the Petrograd committee, and is silent as to the leading part played by these organisations in the work of the revolution, putting himself in the foreground as its central figure, he himself, intentionally or unintentionally, promotes the spread of the rumour as to the special part played by him in the revolution. This explains the fight which Leninism has been carrying on against Trotskyism since the year 1905. This is not true. These are the characteristic features of Trotskyism. Trotskyism is a see also of socialism. Trotsky Vs. Stalin. It is hardly necessary to point out that this original scheme of the Party history is a scheme for the undermining of the unity between the old and the new cadres of our Party, a scheme for the destruction of the active Bolshevist Party. pronounced against the revolt, but that just then a workman forced his way into the committee and said: “You have passed a resolution against the revolt, but I tell you that it will take place in spite of everything.” The C.C. You may freely copy, distribute, display and perform this work; as well as make derivative and commercial works. We need not waste words in proving that the Party cannot reconcile itself to these strange theories. These include the theory of permanent revolution, distrust of Leninism in matters of organisation, and its discrediting and defaming of the leaders of Bolshevism. You can sign in to vote the answer. In such moments even the backward ones become heroes. Without such a general foundation, a split would have been inevitable. Why does Comrade Trotsky want to drag the Party hack to new discussions? If it were true the party would not have succeeded in correcting this mistake by the demonstrative exit from the Preliminary Parliament. Comrade Trotsky makes it appear as though, had Lenin been followed, the Party would in October have seized power “independently of the Soviet and behind its back” (Trotsky “On Lenin,” p. 71 of the Russian edition). This mistaken attitude I shared at that time with other members of the Party, and I only renounced it altogether in the middle of April after I had subscribed to Lenin’s theses.[1]. October is only the beginning of the proletarian revolution. He goes further when he states: “The whole construction of Leninism is at present built up on lies and contains the poisonous germ of its own disintegration.” (See Comrade Trotsky’s letter to Tscheidse of Feb. 25th, 1913.). The affair took place in Autumn, 1919. The well-known John Reed, who was not connected with our Party, and naturally could not know the history of our conspirative meeting on October 10th, so that he fell into Mr. Suchanow’s trap, writes about it in his book “Ten Days which Shook the World.” This tale is printed and repeated in a whole series of brochures which originate from the pens of Trotsky’s adherents, among others in one of the latest brochures about October written by Comrade Syrkin. It is a form of Communism. Trotskyists, claims itself to be the true Leninist theory. Topic: Trotskyism vs. Leninism (Read 877 times) Alabama_Indy10 YaBB God Posts: 4,344. Yes, there were, and those not unimportant ones. Comrade Trotsky treats this theme in his book “On Lenin.” But from his characterisation it would seem that Lenin only pretended, as “he emphasised on every suitable occasion the inevitability of terror.” (Page 104 of the Russian edition.) attempt to prepare the conditions for replacing Leninism by Trotskyism. I must, however, declare with all firmness, that the honour of being the organiser of our victories falls on no individual but on the great community of the advanced workers of our country, the Russian Communist Party. You wish to know how our Party decided the question of the dissolution of the Constituent Assembly? (Source: Lenin, Collected Works, Vol. This Marxist system aims at a state of living where the society is bereft of the difference between the rich and the poor. This is no simple rumour, comrades. I know no current in the Party which could be compared with Trotskyism in its discrediting of the leaders of Leninism or of the central institutions of the Party. It makes efforts to carry on the part of the old Trotskyism in the form of praising Lenin, of praising his greatness. in connection with the armed July demonstration. Trotskyism, or those who follow Leon Trotsky (who led the opposition to Stalin’s reactionary policies after Lenin’s death in 1924) is actually a continuation of Marxism/Leninism, but many people use the word Trotskyism to distinguish themselves from the Stalinists. This peculiarity consists therein that the revolution attempted to carry out every, or almost every step of its attack under the appearance of defence. and the Sixth Party Session took a more cautious line and decided that there was no sufficient reason for thinking it impossible to revive the Soviets. under the flag of Leninism so that the process of being dragged over may be “as painless as possible.”. Was Russia already set on the path of Stalinism? Comrade Trotsky is absolutely in the wrong when he maintains that Lenin under-estimated the legality of the Soviet, that Lenin had not understood the serious significance of the seizure of power by the All-Russian Soviet Congress on October 25th, that just for this reason Lenin had insisted on the seizure of power before October 25th. The fundamental facts of this period are: (a) the fall of Czarism; (b) the formation of the provisional government (dictatorship) of the bourgeoisie; (c) the rise of soldiers and workmen’s soviets (dictatorship of the proletariat and the peasantry); (d) the double government; (e) the April demonstration; (f) the first crisis of power. But in October, not only Comrade Trotsky fought bravely, so did even the left social revolutionaries who at that time stood side by side with the Bolsheviks. Still have questions? In what did this general foundation consist? 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