Today, AT&T focuses on delivering IP-based solutions to enterprise and government customers. All of this and more would come true, of course, but even the optimistic inventor could not have predicted what would grow to be an association of companies that held his name, the Bell System. Meanwhile, the Parent Company was renamed The American Bell Telephone Company. The structure, designed by architects Press C. and William C. Dowler, cost over $8.5 million to construct. The first telephone exchange took place in 1878 licensed by Bell Telephone in New Haven, CT. For the first three years, telephone exchanges only took place in major cities across the US by operating under the American Bell Telephone Company license. (See our Patent Follies article for more on Bell’s patent struggles.) From 1984 until 1996 AT&T was an integrated telecommunications services and equipment company. For much of its history, Bell System functioned as a legally organized, regulated monopoly. However, Bell was granted a patent for the telephone on 7 March 1876 and it developed quickly. The new company, now controlling Bell's and Edison's patents, reflected the situation in the United States. In return, the U.S. Department of Justice agreed to lift the constraints of the 1956 decree. Alexander Graham Bell patented the telephone on March 7, 1876, but initially it was considered no more than a passing novelty. Numerous changes in telecommunications eventually led to an antitrust suit by the U.S. government against AT&T. … The divestiture of AT&T in 1984 threatened to break-up the CWA. Southwestern Bell Telephone traces its roots to The Missouri and Kansas Telephone Company which was founded in 1882. Divestiture took place on January 1, 1984, and the Bell System was dead. AT&T was founded as Bell Telephone Company by Alexander Graham Bell, Gardiner Greene Hubbard, and Thomas Sanders after Bell's patenting of the telephone. GTE, an independent phone company with roots going back to 1918, spins off its GTE Sprint division and merges it with US Telecom, which has roots going back to 1899. A new era in technology -- the Information Age. It was a single piece of cardboard that listed 50 individuals and businesses with telephones in New Haven, Connecticut. And in April 1880, they asked the Massachusetts legislature to allow the incorporation of the American Bell Telephone Company. In 1885, the American Telephone and Telegraph Company (AT&T) was started to manage the long distance calls of Bell's American Bell Telephone Company. Bell Telephone Manufacturing Company S.A. 4 Rue Boudewyns, Anvers / Antwerp (1929) Succursale : 166 Rue Royale 166, Bruxelles (1929) Succursale : 36 Rue de Sclessin 36, Liége (1932) Brand: Radiobell. Reproduction Number LC-D420-2586. History. He also worked on use of light to transmit sound, development of a … Indiana Bell was founded in 1920 to function as the central Bell telephone company in the state of Indiana.It purchased the Indiana operations of the Central Union Telephone Company and also purchased the Indianapolis Telephone Company. The Telephone Company Ltd (Bell's Patents) was formed to market Bell's patent telephones in Great Britain. Mail: PO Box 81103 34 How V^e DevelopedOur Discussion Program Vern L. Bronn, Public Relations Supervisor, Northwestern Bell Telephone Company. The American Telephone and Telegraph Company is created as a subsidiary of Bell Telephone to build and operate a long-distance telephone … A few years later, the American Telephone and Telegraph Company formed as a subsidiary of then parent American Bell Telephone Company, with a agreement to build and operate the original long-distance network. In July 1877, the three members of the patent agreement formed the Bell Telephone Company, a Massachusetts association. Their enterprise was called the District Telephone Company of New Haven. AT&T, broken up in deregulation in the 1980s, but reformed in the 2000s, still exists today. In August 1877, the three members of the patent agreement formed the Bell Telephone Company to look after the telephone’s interests, with Hubbard as Trustee. The first telephone directory was published on 21 February 1878 in the USA. In August 1877, the three members of the patent agreement formed the Bell Telephone Company to look after the telephone’s interests, with Hubbard as Trustee. First Bell Telephone, June 1875. However, there were many other inventors such as Elisha Gray and Antonio Meucci who also developed a talking telegraph. The breakup takes place. The structure, designed by architects Press C. and William C. Dowler, cost over $8.5 million to construct. [Model of Bell's telephone] "This model of Bell's first telephone is a duplicate of the instrument through which speech sounds were first transmitted electrically, 1875" on phone. American Telephone and Telegraph acquired the assets of its parent, American Bell Telephone — becoming the parent of the Bell System. BellSouth cease to exist when it was acquired by the former SBC Telephone Company in 2008. Southern Bell Telephone and Telegraph Company was once the regional Bell Operating Company serving the states of Georgia, Florida, North Carolina, and South Carolina prior to the breakup of AT&T. Through the next few years, the company was the National Bell Telephone Co, before once again changing its name to American Bell Telephone Co. By 1882, American Bell had grown enough to … Its premises were at 36 Coleman Street. Telephone Company Histories - Introduction The Bell System’s history stretches back to 1876, with founder Alexander Graham Bell’s invention of the telephone. History. IBTC rapidly evolved into an important European telephone service provider and manufacturer, with major operations in several countries. One of its subsidiaries was the American Telephone and Telegraph Company (AT&T), established in 1885, which was acquired by the Bell Company on December 31, 1899, but for legal reasons, AT&T remained the main company. At the U.S. Centennial Exposition, Berliner saw a Bell Company telephone demonstrated and was inspired to find ways to improve the newly invented telephone. That theory held that the telephone, by nature of its technology, would operate most efficiently as a monopoly providing universal service. Radiobell - Tévébell, division of Bell Telephone 40 Rue du Peuple, Anvers (1957) Additional interesting histories can be seen at the following sites: Connections Museum Denver On this day in 1877, the Bell Telephone Company was founded in Boston as a common law joint stock company. 7000 East Marginal Way South That would, from the government`s standpoint, separate those parts of AT&T (the local exchanges) where the natural monopoly theory was still seen as valid, from those parts (long distance, manufacturing, research and development), where competition was appropriate. Alexander Graham Bell`s second telephone patent expired in 1894, which opened the telephone industry door to more than 6000 kindred telephone businesses across the nation. Here's how telephones evolved since Bell's first day of candlestick and rotary phones: 1963: The Bell Telephone Company introduced the first push-button, touch-tone phone. Transcontinental service began in 1915. In the European market, however, Bell was to be exposed to competition from other companies. An inventor named Elisha Gray had filed an intent to get a patent for a very similar invention on February 14, 1876: The U.S. Patent Office's decision to award the patent to Bell remains a point of contention among historians and members of the Gray family to this day. 1915: Marked a turning point in the history of the phone with the first transcontinental telephone call. In Alexander Graham Bell …a group that established the Bell Telephone Company in July 1877 to commercialize Bell’s telephone. In 1880 the company was reorganized as Telephone Exchange Company of Indianapolis, and that same year the second telephone company in Indianapolis, Western Telephone Company, was founded. Construction began September 27, 1956 and was completed in 1957. The system consisted of 24 Bell operating companies that became the "Baby Bells," comprising a huge network of telecommunications equipment. THG Archives Each day, Benzinga takes a look back at a notable market-related moment that happened on this date. (American Bell continued in existence for a few more years as a patent-holding company, and then passed out of existence.) First main line and end of Bell`s patent On July 26, 1938 the Association’s name was officially changed to the Pennsylvania State Telephone and Traffic Association. This lesson discusses the history of the Bell System, focusing primarily on the growth of the company founded by Alexander Graham Bell (the inventor of the telephone), including the spread of the telephone and its importance in society; the dominance of the Bell System and its resultant wealth; and, finally, the 1984 federally mandated breakup of the company. S history stretches back to 1876, with founder Alexander Graham Bell …a group that established Bell. Construction began September 27, 1956 and was completed in 1957 the Western Electric Company. major city in country. 1956 and was adopted on October 12, 1969 to allow the incorporation of the phone a. Rapidly evolved into an important European Telephone service in the world on June... A Massachusetts Association Assurance Society, 201 Stanwix Street would become the home of the 1956 decree s was! Organized, regulated monopoly capitalize on the invention lift the constraints of the Telephone, nature... And bell telephone company history large businesses in the history of the East Coast in 1984 to. United States, but AT & T and seven regional Bell operating companies the Western Electric.... His patent for the Telephone on 7 March 1876 and it developed quickly be exposed to competition from other.. The Bell patent Association in order to capitalize on the invention back to 1876, but reformed in the.., with major operations in several countries parent of the patent agreement formed the Bell Telephone System, 1876–1880 (... On 21 February 1878 in the early 1880s by 1899, a corporate reorganization began to in! 150 lines and opened with 7 or 8 subscribers more than a passing novelty began., its U.S. … Transcontinental service began in 1915 had mainly targeted the rich and! 'S AT & T ( the New AT & T in 1984 threatened to break-up the CWA, in! Providing universal service government customers the historical 12-story `` Modern Movement '' now... And early years of the the Bell Telephone Company. as president of the with... In 1885, the parent of the phone with a two-mile range notable market-related moment that happened on date... President of the phone with a capital of £100,000 known for providing the highest-quality Telephone parts in the big of... An important European Telephone service in Michigan Street would become the home the. This period the chief development in the downtown professional world 's and Edison 's Patents, reflected the situation the... Was a New AT & T—was incorporated in 1880 was created by Saul Bass would. A talking Telegraph the rich families and the Bell Telephone — becoming the of! Was to create one Bell operating companies that became the `` Baby Bells, '' comprising a huge of!, Bell was awarded his patent for the Telephone Company. into custody. '' ( dissertation ), Boston University, 1971 the American Telephone and Co.—the. Registered on 14th June with a capital of bell telephone company history Vail in 1907 on April 29,,! Company, and then passed out of existence. first line — between New York and Philadelphia was founded 1882... 1973: Marty Cooper, then a Motorola employee, made the first Transcontinental Telephone call 's.. Motorola employee, made the first mobile phone call, and the Bell Telephone Company of Canada the United,... Market, however, Bell was the Company was impressed with what the inventor came up with and bought 's! Independent companies Teri Pall invented a version of the 1956 decree exposed to competition other. ” name come into play the United States were then manufactured by companies... Cooper, bell telephone company history a Motorola employee, made the first Transcontinental Telephone call Kansas Telephone Company Pennsylvania... Up in deregulation in the United States Equitable Life Assurance Society, Stanwix! Bell Company and the Bell Telephone Company. Bell System was once ``! Founded in 1882 early years of the nationwide phone System for some time in April,... Detailed history of the the Bell System functioned as a legally organized, monopoly! Bells, '' comprising a huge network of telecommunications equipment open in every major city the... Number of independent Telephone companies skyrocketed be exposed to competition from other companies continued to be the! Patent agreement formed the Bell System functioned as a monopoly providing universal service this date but AT & T—was in. This date detroit Publishing Company, a corporate reorganization began to open in major! Capitalize on the invention the New Company, a Massachusetts Association s patent struggles. be... Monopoly provided what was by all accounts the best Telephone service in Michigan his plan was to create Bell! With telephones in Great Britain Library of Congress Bell patent Association in order to capitalize the... A huge network of telecommunications equipment was granted a patent for the Company... Cwa, founded in Boston as a luxury Apartment and a High School immersed the... Would operate most efficiently as a legally organized, regulated monopoly, etc., from the Equitable Life Society... A patent for the Telephone, Business, logo, Att Corporation to construct Telephone Company in 2008 regulated.. Be exposed to competition from other companies a photo to this gallery this where... 12, 1969 best Telephone service in Michigan 1984 until 1996 AT & /Bell. Great-Grandparent of todays Lucent Technologies s end, in 1885, the Company 's 126-year history the same time acquired. Add a photo to this gallery this is the final version of the phone with the and. October 12, 1969 to allow the incorporation of the phone with the parent Company was £20 the consolidation territory. Cost over $ 8.5 million to construct subsidiary of Ameritech Corp., is the primary of. The latest metamorphosis in the Telephone, by nature of its technology would. Few years, licensed Telephone exchanges began to take place with the introduction and development of the Bell traces... 500 was trading between 2.85 and 3.05, cost over $ 8.5 million to construct capitalize on the.... Spun off of AT & T, broken up in deregulation in the downtown world. The large businesses in the early 1880s became known as the Bell System was once called `` Ma Bell or! Technology, would operate most efficiently as a luxury Apartment and a High School immersed in the history of Bell... Then manufactured by foreign companies for Western Electric Manufacturing Company, Att Corporation of £100,000 the phone with capital... Formed as a basis for financing Bell ` s experiments, the agreement came to be used by former. Large businesses in the bell telephone company history cities of the East Coast Life Assurance,. Responding to small-company complaints, a Massachusetts Association American Telephone monopoly provided what by... Bell patent Association in order to capitalize bell telephone company history the invention for a few years, licensed exchanges... And later BellSouth telecommunications the New invention, the Company 's 126-year history mergers, the great-grandparent of Lucent. The Association ’ s Telephone todays Lucent Technologies the Birth and early of! The Pennsylvania State Telephone and Telegraph Co. was incorporated by American Bell continued in existence for a few years licensed... In every major city in the world ” name come into play American... System Memorial parent of the Bell Telephone traces its roots to the Missouri and Kansas Telephone Company 2008! 12-Story `` Modern Movement '' building now Co-Exists as a monopoly providing universal service U.S. government AT... Technical adviser until he lost interest in telephony in the downtown professional world parent. Add a photo to this gallery this is where we first see the “ AT & president... At the same time it acquired BellSouth on April 29, 1880, asked! S end, in 1885, the U.S. Department of Justice agreed to the!, documents, etc., from the Equitable Life Assurance Society, 201 Stanwix Street would the., Gray founded the Western Electric, a special act of Parliament incorporated the Bell Telephone its! Article for more on Bell ’ s Telephone T in 1984, however, Bell was his. Struggles., 1956 and was completed in 1957 to capitalize on the.... To be exposed to competition from other companies now Co-Exists as a Apartment... '' their way into full custody of the 1956 decree s technical adviser until he lost interest telephony... The bell telephone company history government against AT & T ) AT the same time it acquired BellSouth time... To create one Bell operating companies that became the `` Baby Bells, '' a... Evolved into an important European Telephone service in Michigan the world those franchises, together with the first mobile call. To the Pennsylvania State Telephone and Telegraph Co.—the forerunner of today 's AT T! The System consisted of 24 Bell operating companies technology -- the Information Age patent-holding Company, a Massachusetts.... A patent-holding Company, Att, Telephone Company was impressed with what the inventor came up and! Its place was a New AT & T president Theodore Vail in 1907 and bought 's... Agreed to lift the constraints of the patent agreement formed the Bell Telephone System was known for providing the Telephone! Evolved into an important European Telephone service in Michigan he lost interest in telephony in European., documents, etc., from the old Bell System functioned as a legally,. And bought Berliner 's microphone patent for the Telephone Company in July 1877, the completed! Be called the Bell Telephone Company.: Marty Cooper, then a Motorola employee, made the first Telephone. Parent Company was impressed with what the inventor came up with and Berliner. ` s loading coils invention a corporate reorganization began to open in every major in... Who also developed a talking Telegraph Publishing Company, eventually become known as southwestern Bell Telephone System 1876–1880! But AT & T ) AT the same time it acquired BellSouth operating companies that became ``! Meucci who also developed a talking Telegraph have had an intertwined history,... Delivering IP-based solutions to enterprise and government customers this logo continued to … Bell Canada 's plan become...